Silphium perfoliatum #2 (Cup Plant)December 31, 2020
TestMarch 15, 2021
Rhus typhina #3 (Staghorn Sumac)
-Full Sun, Part Sun
-Moist to Dry Soil
-15-25′ Tall by 20’+ Wide
-Large Colonizing Shrub
-Yellow-Green Flowers in June, July
-Crimson Fruit (females only) August into Winter
-Deer, Drought, Black Walnut tolerant
-Moderate Salt tolerance
-Black Dye (Ink) from Leaves/Berries
12 in stock
Staghorn Sumac is a picturesque, colonizing shrub and the largest species of sumac in North America. It is an incredibly tough pioneer plant, one that is capable of inhabiting inhospitable sites and preparing them for the succession of larger trees that will grow taller and eventually shade out the sumacs. They are best used in marginal zones of the landscape, at the edge between forest and openness, or surrounded by barriers such as parking lots or roads, and are especially useful for erosion control on slopes and embankments.
They are not fussy plants and will grow in a variety of situations, although they do require close to full sun. When grown in favorable conditions with plenty of moisture, sun and fertility, they tend to spread less and more slowly. However, this is definitely a plant that can overtake gardens and managed areas and it is not recommended for these types of locations. It excels at naturalizing and covering ground rapidly, and can help outcompete and block the establishment of non-native, invasive species such as the look-alike Tree of Heaven (Ailanthus altissima).
Staghorn Sumac gets its common name from the brown, bristly hairs along its year-old stems which resemble the way fuzz grows on developing antlers of male deer (stags). The plant is a huge, beautiful, spreading shrub with bright green, hanging leaflets that are reminiscent of palm fronds. The spectacular fall color is the star of the show, with brilliantly blazing yellow, orange and scarlet. These plants are dioecious, meaning that male and female flowers occur on separate individuals. A male and a female are required for fruit production. The flowers occur in upright, greenish-yellow panicles in June and last for 2-3 weeks. Pollinated female flowers give way to upright clusters of velvety, ruby-red fruits (drupes) in tight, pyramidal clusters which often remain from the end of summer through winter. They are distinctive, attractive and edible!
Sumacs have a high ecological importance for wildlife through the interconnected food web. 98 species* of migrating and overwintering birds rely on the fruits as a high-fat food source. They are host to at least 58 species* of Lepidoptera, including the Red-banded Hairstreak, Luna Moth and Regal Moth. The flowers provide a rich source of mid-summer nectar for pollinators, and the slender stems act as tunnel nesting sites for small carpenter bees, but causes no significant damage to the trees.
Native Trees, Shrubs, & Vines by William Cullina
Manual of Woody Landscape Plants by Michael A. Dirr
*Midwestern Native Shrubs and Trees by Charlotte Adelman & Bernard L. Schwartz
Eastern/Central Medicinal Plants and Herbs by Steven Foster and James A. Duke
Missouri Botanical Garden
Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center